Under MiFID I transparency requirements were limited to equity instruments.
The financial sector is no stranger to innovation. Nevertheless, over the past few years, the exponential growth of FinTech companies suggests that more disruptive changes will be required in order to bring the financial system fully into the 21st century.
The European asset management industry has witnessed a solid growth in recent years, reaching an estimated €19 trillion in assets under management (AuM) at the end of 2014, divided almost equally between discretionary mandates (largely serving institutional investors) and investment funds.
Commodity markets never rest. The recent fall in oil prices and renewed expansionary monetary policies are increasing uncertainty on how these markets will once again react to economic and financial instability. This environment comes on the back of a more generalised reduction or stagnation in commodity prices and an ongoing policy overhaul.
In recent years, commodities markets have undergone significant changes, rising from relative obscurity to a subject of intense scrutiny by policy-makers and supervisors. In a more global market structure, trading houses play a pivotal role in the supply chain that brings commodities from producers to billions of consumers around the world.
This panel will set the framework of the debate on SME financing and public intervention. Each national government and the EU have considered the use of public resources to improve SME financing, mainly through bank financing.
Transparency and openness of financial indices based on trade reporting - Market structure implications.